The United Nations Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA) was established in December 2007 in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, to assist and support the five countries of Central Asia - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan – in building their conflict prevention capacities through enhanced dialogue, confidence-building measures and genuine partnership so as to respond to existing threats and emerging challenges in the region. The Centre was established at the request of the five countries and is headed by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Natalia Gherman.
Five Priority Areas
UNRCCA's Program of Action for 2022-2025 was adopted in consultation with the five countries of the region, and includes five priority areas: (i) Promoting preventive diplomacy among the Governments of Central Asia; (ii) Monitoring and early warning in support of conflict prevention; (iii) Building partnerships for prevention, including with regional and sub-regional organizations; (iv) Strengthening United Nations preventive diplomacy in Central Asia; and (v) Encouraging cooperation and interaction between Central Asia and Afghanistan in close contact with UNAMA.
A previous Department of Political Affairs (DPA)-led political mission in the region, the United Nations Tajikistan Office of Peace-building (UNTOP), completed its mandate in 2007 after seven years of efforts to end the civil war in Tajikistan and assist its government in consolidating peace and stability.